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Izyaslav Vinogradov
Izyaslav Vinogradov

Ubuntu Download | The Best Way to Experience the Power of Linux


Introduction




Ubuntu is an open source operating system based on Debian GNU/Linux. It was first released in 2004 and has since become one of the most popular and widely used operating systems in the world. Ubuntu is free to download, use, and share. It comes with a variety of applications for everyday tasks, such as web browsing, email, office suite, media player, and more. It also has a large and active community of users and developers who contribute to its development and support.


There are many reasons to use Ubuntu instead of other operating systems, such as Windows or macOS. Here are some of them:




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  • Ubuntu is secure and reliable. It has a built-in firewall and virus protection software, and it receives regular updates and patches for security and stability. It also has a lower risk of malware infection than Windows.



  • Ubuntu is fast and responsive. It can run smoothly on older or low-end hardware, as well as on modern and powerful machines. It also has a minimal impact on battery life and performance.



  • Ubuntu is customizable and flexible. You can choose from different versions of Ubuntu that suit your needs and preferences, such as Ubuntu Desktop, Ubuntu Server, Ubuntu Cloud, or Ubuntu for IoT devices. You can also change the look and feel of your desktop environment, install additional software from the Ubuntu Software Center or the Snap Store, or tweak various settings to your liking.



  • Ubuntu is compatible and interoperable. It can work with a wide range of devices and hardware components, such as printers, scanners, cameras, keyboards, mice, etc. It can also read and write files from other operating systems, such as Windows or macOS.



  • Ubuntu is fun and easy to use. It has a simple and intuitive user interface that makes it easy to navigate and access your applications and files. It also has a friendly and helpful community that can assist you with any questions or issues you may encounter.



If you are ready to give Ubuntu a try, read on to learn how to download and install it on your computer.


Downloading Ubuntu




The first step to install Ubuntu is to download the Ubuntu image file from the official website. The image file is an .iso file that contains all the data needed to create a bootable USB drive or DVD that you can use to install Ubuntu.


To download the Ubuntu image file, follow these steps:


  • Go to https://ubuntu.com/download/desktop in your web browser.



  • Scroll down and click Download next to the version of Ubuntu you want to use. The latest version is 22.04 LTS (Long Term Support), which means that it will receive updates and support until April 2027.



  • Save the file to a location of your choice on your computer.



The file size is about 3 GB, so it may take some time to download depending on your internet speed.


Once you have downloaded the Ubuntu image file, you need to create a bootable USB drive that you can use to install Ubuntu on your computer. A bootable USB drive is a flash drive that contains the Ubuntu image file and allows you to boot your computer from it instead of from your hard drive.


To create a bootable USB drive, you need another software tool that can write the Ubuntu image file onto the USB drive. There are many tools available for this purpose, but we will use Rufus as an example in this article.


To create a bootable USB drive with Rufus, follow these steps:


  • Download Rufus from https://rufus.ie/ in your web browser and click Download to get the latest version of the software.



  • Insert a USB drive of at least 4 GB capacity into your computer. Make sure that you have backed up any important data on the USB drive, as it will be erased during the process.



  • Run Rufus and select the USB drive from the Device dropdown menu.



  • Click the Select button and browse to the location where you saved the Ubuntu image file. Select the file and click Open.



  • Click the Start button and confirm that you want to write the image file to the USB drive. Wait for Rufus to finish the process, which may take several minutes.



  • Eject the USB drive safely from your computer and label it as "Ubuntu". You have now created a bootable USB drive that you can use to install Ubuntu on your computer.



Installing Ubuntu




The next step is to boot your computer from the bootable USB drive and follow the installation wizard that will guide you through the process of installing Ubuntu on your computer.


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To install Ubuntu, follow these steps:


  • Insert the bootable USB drive into your computer and restart it. As soon as you see the manufacturer's logo, press the key that allows you to enter the boot menu. The key may vary depending on your computer model, but it is usually one of the function keys (F1-F12), Esc, or Del. You should see a screen that lists the available boot options.



  • Select the USB drive from the boot menu and press Enter. You should see a screen that says "Try Ubuntu" or "Install Ubuntu". If you want to try Ubuntu without installing it, you can select "Try Ubuntu" and use it as a live system. However, if you want to install Ubuntu permanently on your computer, select "Install Ubuntu".



  • You will be greeted by the installation wizard that will ask you some questions and help you set up Ubuntu on your computer. The first question is about your preferred language. Select the language that you want to use for Ubuntu and click Continue.



  • The next question is about your keyboard layout. Select the layout that matches your keyboard and click Continue. You can also test your keyboard by typing in the text box below.



  • The next question is about your installation type. You have two options: Erase disk and install Ubuntu or Something else. The first option will erase everything on your hard drive and install Ubuntu as the only operating system on your computer. The second option will allow you to customize how you want to partition your hard drive and install Ubuntu alongside other operating systems. Choose the option that suits your needs and click Continue.



  • If you chose to erase disk and install Ubuntu, you will be asked to confirm that you want to proceed with this option. Click Install Now and wait for Ubuntu to format your hard drive and copy the files.



  • If you chose something else, you will be taken to a screen that shows your current hard drive partitions. You can modify, delete, or create new partitions as you wish. Make sure that you have at least one partition with at least 25 GB of free space and formatted as ext4. This will be your root partition where Ubuntu will be installed. You can also create a swap partition, which is a space on your hard drive that acts as extra memory when your RAM is full. A swap partition is recommended if you have less than 4 GB of RAM or if you want to use hibernation mode. The size of the swap partition depends on your RAM size, but a general rule of thumb is to make it equal or slightly larger than your RAM size. Once you have finished partitioning your hard drive, click Install Now.



  • The installation wizard will ask you some more questions while it installs Ubuntu on your computer. The first question is about your time zone. Select the time zone that matches your location and click Continue.



  • The next question is about your name, computer name, username, and password. Enter these information as you wish and click Continue. You can also choose whether you want to log in automatically or require a password each time.



  • The final question is about whether you want to install updates and third-party software while installing Ubuntu. This will save you some time later, but it will also require an internet connection. You can also choose whether you want to send system information to Canonical, the company behind Ubuntu . You can check or uncheck the boxes according to your preference and click Continue.



The installation wizard will now complete the installation of Ubuntu on your computer. This may take some time, depending on your hardware and internet speed. You can watch a slideshow that introduces you to some of the features and benefits of Ubuntu while you wait.


When the installation is finished, you will see a message that says "Installation complete". Click Restart Now to reboot your computer and start using Ubuntu.


Configuring Ubuntu




After you reboot your computer, you will be greeted by the Ubuntu login screen. Enter your username and password that you created during the installation and click Sign In. You will then see the Ubuntu desktop, which is your main interface for using Ubuntu.


The first thing you may want to do is to configure some settings for your Ubuntu system. To access the settings, click on the icon in the top right corner of the screen that looks like a gear. This will open a menu that lets you adjust various aspects of your system, such as sound, display, network, privacy, etc. You can also access the power options from this menu, such as shutdown, restart, or suspend.


One of the settings that you may want to check is the software updates. Ubuntu provides regular updates for security and stability, as well as new features and improvements. To check for updates, click on Software & Updates from the settings menu. This will open a window that shows you the available updates for your system. You can choose to install them immediately or schedule them for later. You can also change the frequency and sources of updates from this window.


Another setting that you may want to configure is your user account. You can change your password, profile picture, or account type from the settings menu. To do so, click on User Accounts from the settings menu. This will open a window that shows you your current user account information. You can click on any of the fields to edit them. You can also add or remove other user accounts from this window.


Using Ubuntu




Now that you have installed and configured Ubuntu on your computer, you can start using it for your daily tasks and activities. Ubuntu provides a simple and intuitive user interface that makes it easy to access and manage your applications and files.


To access your applications, click on the icon in the bottom left corner of the screen that looks like a grid of dots. This will open a launcher that shows you all the applications installed on your system. You can scroll through them or search for them by name. You can also pin your favorite or frequently used applications to the launcher by right-clicking on them and selecting Add to Favorites.


To access your files, click on the icon in the launcher that looks like a folder. This will open a file manager that shows you all the files and folders on your system. You can navigate through them or search for them by name. You can also create, copy, move, delete, or rename files and folders from the file manager.


To access your settings, click on the icon in the top right corner of the screen that looks like a gear. This will open a menu that lets you adjust various aspects of your system, such as sound, display, network, privacy, etc. You can also access the power options from this menu, such as shutdown, restart, or suspend.


Conclusion




In this article, we have learned how to download and install Ubuntu on your computer, as well as how to configure and use it for your needs and preferences. Ubuntu is a free and open source operating system that offers many benefits over other operating systems, such as security, performance, customization, and community support. We hope that you have enjoyed this article and found it useful and informative.


If you want to learn more about Ubuntu and its features, you can visit the official website at https://ubuntu.com/. You can also find helpful tutorials, guides, tips, and tricks at https://help.ubuntu.com/. If you have any questions or issues with Ubuntu, you can ask for help from the friendly and helpful community at https://askubuntu.com/. Thank you for reading this article and happy Ubuntu-ing!


FAQs




What are the minimum system requirements for Ubuntu?




The minimum system requirements for Ubuntu are:


  • A 2 GHz dual core processor or better



  • 4 GB of RAM or more

  • 25 GB of hard drive space or more



  • A video card and monitor that support at least 1024x768 resolution



  • A sound card and speakers or headphones



  • An internet connection (either wired or wireless)



  • A USB port or a DVD drive for the installation media



How can I update Ubuntu to the latest version?




Ubuntu releases a new version every six months, in April and October. These versions are supported for nine months and receive updates and bug fixes during that period. Ubuntu also releases a long term support (LTS) version every two years, in April. These versions are supported for five years and receive updates and security patches during that period.


If you want to update Ubuntu to the latest version, you can do so by following these steps:


  • Open the Software & Updates window from the settings menu.



  • Click on the Updates tab and make sure that the Notify me of a new Ubuntu version option is set to For any new version.



  • Close the Software & Updates window and open the Software Updater window from the launcher or the settings menu.



  • The Software Updater will check for any available updates for your current version of Ubuntu. Install them if there are any.



  • The Software Updater will also notify you if there is a new version of Ubuntu available. Click on Upgrade and follow the instructions to upgrade your system.



Note that upgrading to a new version of Ubuntu may take some time and may require a restart. Make sure that you have backed up your important data before upgrading.


How can I uninstall Ubuntu from my computer?




If you want to uninstall Ubuntu from your computer, you have two options: erase Ubuntu completely or remove Ubuntu while keeping other operating systems.


If you want to erase Ubuntu completely, you can do so by formatting your hard drive and installing another operating system of your choice. This will delete all the data on your hard drive, including Ubuntu and any other operating systems, files, or partitions. To do so, follow these steps:


  • Insert the installation media of the operating system that you want to install into your computer and restart it.



  • Enter the boot menu and select the installation media from the boot options.



  • Follow the instructions of the installation wizard of the operating system that you want to install. When you reach the part where you have to choose how to partition your hard drive, select the option that says something like Erase disk and install or Use entire disk. This will format your hard drive and install the new operating system on it.



  • Wait for the installation to finish and restart your computer. You have now erased Ubuntu completely from your computer.



If you want to remove Ubuntu while keeping other operating systems, you can do so by deleting the Ubuntu partition and restoring the boot loader of the other operating system. This will delete only Ubuntu from your hard drive, but keep any other operating systems, files, or partitions intact. To do so, follow these steps:


  • Boot your computer from the bootable USB drive that you used to install Ubuntu.



  • Select Try Ubuntu from the screen that says "Try Ubuntu" or "Install Ubuntu". This will launch Ubuntu as a live system without installing it on your hard drive.



  • Open a terminal window by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard.



  • Type sudo fdisk -l and press Enter. This will list all the partitions on your hard drive. Identify the partition that has Ubuntu installed on it. It should be something like /dev/sdaX, where X is a number.



  • Type sudo umount /dev/sdaX and press Enter. Replace X with the number of the partition that has Ubuntu installed on it. This will unmount the partition.



  • Type sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdaX bs=512 count=1 and press Enter. Replace X with the number of the partition that has Ubuntu installed on it. This will erase the partition.



  • Type sudo fdisk /dev/sda and press Enter. This will open a menu that allows you to edit the partition table of your hard drive.



  • Type d and press Enter. This will delete a partition.



  • Type X and press Enter. Replace X with the number of the partition that has Ubuntu installed on it. This will confirm the deletion of the partition.



  • Type w and press Enter. This will write the changes to the partition table and exit the menu.



  • Close the terminal window and restart your computer. Remove the bootable USB drive from your computer.



  • Boot your computer from the installation media of the other operating system that you want to keep on your hard drive.



Follow the instructions of the installation wizard of the other operating system that you want to keep. When you reach the part where you have to repair or restore the boot loader, select the option that says something like Repair your computer or Startup Repair


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